BLACK SPRUCE

PICEA MARIANA

 

Where does it come from ?

Black Spruce is native to Quebec. It is the most widespread conifer species in Canadian forests. This tree species dominates the boreal forest of eastern North America. Black spruce has a dense pyramid port bushy and packed (6-8 m high) in areas where the climate is harsher and arborescent and slender (20 meters high) in areas that is more convenient for it. Black spruce tree branches tends to drop with age. Its branches are rough and its bark is scaly. The cone is small, purple, turning light brown at maturity.

How is it used by the wood industry ?

Picea mariana has great economic importance. Present in the commercial forest area, the quality of its wood (long fiber, high density) is sought by the forest industry for lumber production, and for pulp and paper. In addition, insects and diseases rarely affect this wood species. Black Spruce is a tree species largely used in reforestation programs.

How was it used traditionally ?

In Quebec, it is primarily the essential oil of black spruce that is widely marketed and known for its therapeutic properties (bronchial disorders, joint pain and rheumatism, tonic effect). However, bark was also used in the preparation of medicinal potions. The Ojibwa used ground bark (heated and inhaled) to relieve back pain and infused the bark and roots to treat stomach aches and weakness in general.