The black spruce

Black spruce is frequently found in cold, poorly drained areas, such as swamps, along with sphagnum mosses and horsetails, or in relatively dry peatlands. Astonishingly, the tree tolerates poor growing conditions. Black spruces usually grows on wet organic soils but also grow over deep humus, clays, loams, sands, coarse till, and shallow soil mantles.
These constraints and difficult conditions do not limit this tree’s development. It will remarkably surpass all these circumstances and develop elements of self-defense to prevent parasites from restraining its ascension to becoming one of the dominant trees of the Boreal forest.
Besides from that, this tree is known to be an exceptional extremophile winter tree, able to resist extreme meteorological events such as heavy snow, cold temperatures, strong winds, ice storms, or frozen soil, conditions that make Canada one of the coldest countries in the world.


Origin of the black spruce

Acer rubrum means “strong” as the robustness of its wood and bark, and “red” for its beautiful flowers and leaves of bright red colours that announce the spring and fall seasons in Quebec. This tree is native to Canada and is one of the major hardwood species of Quebec’s forests. Also known as the Canadian maple, it grows in Canada’s Boreal forest and is the emblem of the Canadian flag.


Traditional usage

Topically used to prevent inflammation including psoriasis.
Relieves back pain, treats stomach ache and fights against feelings of general weakness


Forest industry usage

Picea mariana has a great economic importance.The quality of its wood (long fibre, high density) is sought by the forestry industry  nfor lumber production, and for pulp and paper.