Black spruce is frequently found in cold, poorly drained areas, such as swamps, along with sphagnum mosses and horsetails, or in relatively dry peatlands. Astonishingly, the tree tolerates poor growing conditions. Black spruces usually grows on wet organic soils but also grow over deep humus, clays, loams, sands, coarse till, and shallow soil mantles.
These constraints and difficult conditions do not limit this tree’s development. It will remarkably surpass all these circumstances and develop elements of self-defense to prevent parasites from restraining its ascension to becoming one of the dominant trees of the Boreal forest.
Besides from that, this tree is known to be an exceptional extremophile winter tree, able to resist extreme meteorological events such as heavy snow, cold temperatures, strong winds, ice storms, or frozen soil, conditions that make Canada one of the coldest countries in the world.